Wilderness survival skills are something you must know if you are planning an adventure into the woods and mountains. Being prepared is the best means of survival. By practicing the necessary survival skills beforehand, not only will your enjoyment of adventure be enhanced, but also some of your safety.
Eight skills that must be known for wilderness survival.
Learning to build a shelter in the right place. You will need dry land, firewood, and visibility to others in the event that you are lost or injured and need help. Choose an area that has necessary materials to build your shelter and possibly provide some nourishment. Protection from the wind and elements will aid in your comfort in the wilderness.
Building a fire may sound like a basic thing but it’s very different for wilderness survival. You need to find a safe place to build a fire pit and gather the supplies. You’ll need to make or use tinder to start the fire and other materials to get it growing. Start with smaller pieces of wood and make your way up to larger pieces as the fire grows. An area that is protected from the wind and free of debris is also necessary.
Finding water should be at the top on your list of priorities. Our bodies are made primarily of water and we lose around one gallon of water a day, it is necessary to keep yourself hydrated. Frequent drinking and rest will help you prevent dehydration. Some fruits and vegetables can also aid in this. You should be aware that the symptoms of dehydration include weakness, thirst, confusion and loss of appetite. It is best to avoid the possibility of dehydration than to try to resolve it after.
The ability to scavenge for survival food is vital. Most terrains will be full of natural foods unless you are in a desert. Initially, it is best to start out with some plants that provide the necessary carbohydrates. Later you can progress to insects, fish, and animals to ensure you get enough protein and fat. Learn about the plants in the area before your adventure to provide wilderness survival and safety.
Sending an SOS hopefully will not be necessary while on your trip. However, if it becomes necessary for survival it will help to know how to send audio and visual signals for help when needed. SOS is three short, three long and three short lights. Flashlights, strobe lights and mirrors also work as well as sound.
Learn to use the wind, moon, sun and stars to navigate. Knowledge of plant growth will also help with wilderness survival.
Learning basic first aid about wilderness survival is very important and may save someone’s life. Learning to prioritize the need of the victim is first. If possible you should take a first aid course.
Learning to predict the weather can make your adventure much safer and comfortable. Changes in the wind pressure create changes in the plant life. Learning the difference between the cloud formations will teach you how to tell it is necessary to take shelter. Some clouds are informative of good weather and others can alert you to the rain or severe storms.
An adventure in the wilderness will be just that, an adventure. Wilderness survival will depend on your own knowledge of survival.